The Shanghai Branch is an administrative branch of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS). It coordinates the activities of CAS’s research institutes in Shanghai Municipality, Zhejiang Province and Fujian Province.
During the past 60 years, the Shanghai Branch has contributed a great deal to the advancement of science in China and has witnessed the growth and transformation of its affiliate institutions. CAS’s Knowledge Innovation Project, which was launched in 1998, introduced significant reform to the CAS research system, resulting in greater efficiency, improved research and better practical results for the Chinese economy.
Fourteen institutes are affiliated with the Shanghai Branch, namely, the Shanghai Institute of Microsystem and Information Technology, the Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, the Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, the Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, the Institut Pasteur Shanghai, the Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry, the Shanghai Institute of Technical Physics, the Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, the Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, the Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, the Ningbo Institute of Material Technology and Engineering, the Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, the Xiamen Institute of Urban Environment, and the Shanghai Advanced Research Institute.
Institutes under the Shanghai Branch focus on research in two general categories: 1) materials sciences and high technology; and 2) life sciences and biotechnology. The former category includes research on organic chemistry and organic materials; inorganic nonmetals and metals; information; microelectronics; photoelectronics; lasers; ultraviolet and synchronous radiation; nuclear science and nuclear technology; and celestial measurement, physics and mechanics. The latter category includes research on biochemistry and molecular biology; cell biology; neurobiology; plant physiology and molecular ecology; molecular genetics; population and good health; development of new drugs; and biotechnology, etc.
The Shanghai Branch boasts 11 state key laboratories, such as the State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, and many other top-level facilities. In addition, the National Technology Transfer Center serves as a bridge between CAS and industry by helping to commercialize institute research results.
The Shanghai Branch has nearly 10,000 personnel, of whom almost 2,200 are senior researchers. The branch is proud to have 52 CAS members and 13 members of the Chinese Academy of Engineering working within its institutes.
The branch’s Shanghai Education center administers the institutes’ 78 master’s and 58 Ph.D. programs. As of the end of 2013, almost 2,900 Ph.D. students and almost 3,000 master’s students were enrolled in programs under the Shanghai Branch. In addition, 500 postdoctoral researchers were working in branch institutes.
In order to link academic research with the national and local economy, the Shanghai Branch cooperates closely with the Shanghai government. For example, in 2009 CAS and the Shanghai Municipal Government, with additional funding from the National Reform and Development Commission, jointly established the Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility, a third-generation synchrotron radiation light source used for basic and applied research. Meanwhile, in Shanghai’s Songjiang District, the Shanghai Municipal Government and SIBS jointly established the Shanghai Chenshan Botanical Gardens to enhance public education and botanical research. The Shanghai Pudong Science and Technology Park, currently under construction, is another joint project between the Shanghai Municipal Government and CAS. The Shanghai Advanced Research Institute will be located in the S&T park along with other organizations.